The process of quitting smoking permanently is difficult. This challenge can be attributed to nicotine, a compound which is present in cigarette. In essence, it is this component responsible for smoking addiction. Therefore, when you stop smoking, you are likely to experience withdrawal symptoms. Unless you have only been smoking for a short period, you might need to wean yourself off the drug slowly. Here are your primary options for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to help you quit smoking.Nicotine-patch-on-womans-arm

Nicotine Patches

   The nicotine patch is probably the most common form of NRT for people who want to quit smoking. Basically, these release controlled doses of the nicotine compound through the skin. There are different concentrations available to suit individuals with different nicotine needs. You can use patches for three to five months while gradually decreasing the dosage. The patch is quite safe, but there might be side effects such as skin irritation, racing heartbeat, nausea and dizziness.

Nicotine Gum

   The nicotine gum alternative is preferred by a lot of people because this choice is fast-acting. This aspect can be attributed to the fact that the compound is absorbed through the oral mucosa membrane. With this NRT product, you can curb the craving immediately by chewing on the gum. Generally, you can purchase the gum with no prescription, and you will find at least two strengths. The maximum recommended period of use is six months, so gradually reduce the amount of chewed gum until you can quit completely. The potential adverse effects include throat irritation, hiccups, bad taste and headaches.

Lozenges

   If you do not like gum, consider trying nicotine lozenges. This product is also sold over-the-counter and there are two separate strengths to match your nicotine need or body size. Like all other nicotine replacement products, it is important to reduce the amount taken gradually over some weeks. The maximum length within which you should use the lozenges is twelve weeks. Common side effects include sleeplessness, hiccups, heartburn and headache.

Nasal Spray and Inhalers

   The nicotine nasal spray can be acquired through prescription. It is fast-acting because the compound enters the bloodstream efficiently, compared to other methods. This can be used for up to six months, but you might experience nasal irritation, coughing, sneezing and runny nose.

   The inhaler is similar to the cigarette in design, and this can help control your habitual withdrawal. The product releases nicotine vapor, to ease withdrawal. Possible adverse effects include throat irritation and stomach upset.